What is Hematology?
Hematology is the science dealing with the medical study of the blood and blood producing organs.
Sources: http://www.answers.com/topic/hematology

Common diseases related to Hematology
  • Anemia
    • Anemia is the most common hematologic disorder of childhood.
    • Is is a decrease in number of RBC's and/or hemoglobin concentration is below normal.
    • There is a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood.
    • When anemia develops slowing, the child usually adapts well.
    • Child may have growth retardation, may have heart murmurs, and cardiac failure.
    • Nutritional intervention may be necessary.
  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
    • Caused by an inadequate supply of dietary iron.
    • It is generally preventable
  • Sickle Cell Anemia
    • This type of anemia if hereditary
    • 1 in 12 blacks are carriers of Sickle Cell trait
    • There is no cure (except possibly a bone marrow transplant)
    • Bacterial infection is the leading cause of death in young children with sickle cell anemia
  • Leukemia's
    • Most common form of childhood cancer
    • Leukemia's are a broad group of malignant diseases of bone marrow and lymphatic system.
    • The liver and the spleen are the most affected organs. But body becomes weaker.
Hematology - Website to help you understand Hematology

How does Hematology apply to Occupational Therapy?

As OTA's we would address the following issues involving Hematology disorders. With Anemia we would discuss Nutrition and Medication Management. We would discuss what foods to eat and what foods to stay away from. We would also talk about the importance of taking your medication as directed. If they have trouble remembering when to take their medication we could set up reminders, such as setting an alarm and giving them a pill case with dates and or times on it. When treating patients with Leukemia we would address emotional regulation skills for the Patient and their Family. We would also encourage Leisure activities and Social Participation when the Patient is feeling well.

Sources: http://www.hematologyatlas.com/principalpage.htm